Prior Informed Consent or PIC in short, refers to consent from members of a community that is based on the adequacy of information as well as time, before a detailed initial plan for any project is developed.
As Malaysia is one of the countries under the international legal obligation to the Nagoya Protocol (2010) and the Convention of Biological Diversity (1992) PIC is therefore crucial. It enables members of the community to have their say on proposed projects, manage their village’s biological resources, have a clearer understanding of certain projects especially their potential and how they affect the community in terms of socio-economy and biological resources. PIC also allows the community to make negotiations on the sharing of benefits.
PIC must be obtained prior to the collection of biological resources that are associated with traditional knowledge.